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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.
Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева
Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., Н.В. Войтович, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., Н.В. Клебанович, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.А. Плотников, к.с.-х.н., О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н.
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Подписано в печать: 28.11.2014
Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.
2014 / Issue 6
MAIN THEME: 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE STATE AGROCHEMICAL SERVICE
About scientific-methodical providing of State Agrochemical Service
Detailed significance of accumulated scientific potential and role of scientists and specialists of ARSRI for Agrochemistry named after D.N. Pryanishnikov in scientific and methodical providing of State Agrochemical Service of the Russian Federation are presented in article.
Keywords: scientific potential, agrochemical science, experiment, methodic, fertilizer application, soil fertility.
Agrochemical service «Khakasskaya» – 50 years
Short description of Khakasiya republic and production-scientific activity of Station of Agrochemical service «Khakasskaya» during 50 years, recommendations of best technologies of forage production are presented in article. Thousands of fertilizers application and melioration projects are carried out. More than 70 scientific articles and monographs were published. Generalized 50-year-old material performance agrochemical service «Khakasskaya», its main achievements and successes.
Keywords: soil fertility, monitoring, fertilizers, agrochemical investigation.
Experience in use of modern relational databases for creation of unified repository of attribute and spatial information results agrochemical survey
The use of modern relational database management systems (DBMS) allows you to organize unified store spatial and attribute information of the results of agrochemical examination. This approach significantly reduces the cost and complexity when mass production of agrochimexport farmland and thematic maps. Description of some technical details on loading spatial data in a relational DBMS and organization of the user interface.
Keywords: software, database, spatial data, a single repository, agrochemical survey.
SOIL FERTILITY AND PROPERTIES
Influence of peat on biological features of soils contaminated by heavy metals
There is being suggested the estimation of microbial communities in soils, polluted by heavy metals. There is shown a positive influence of peat application to microbial communities of these soils. There is no symbiosis between plants and fungus Glomus intraradices in these soils.
Keywords: soil, heavy metals, soil microorganisms, peat, symbiosis, Glomus intraradices.
Aftereffect of hard coal ash on microbiolog- ical and enzymatic activity of soil
The paper is devoted to explaining the successive effect of ameliorative hard coal ash doses on the number of microorganisms and the activity of soil enzymes. The research was based on a field experiment started in 1984. The evaluation of the successive effect of the ashes on microbiological activity of the soil was performed 21 years after establishing the experiment, on three dates – in July, August and September. Fertilising with ash had a negative impact on microorganisms as, even after 21 years since the application of the ashes, the ratio of the combined number of bacteria and Actinobacteria to fungi was reduced. The successive impact of ameliorative doses of hard coal ashes reduced the activity of dehydrogenases, acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase, while it increased the activity of urease.
Keywords: hard coal ash, soil, microbiological activity, enzymes.
Influence of sugar production wastes on sod-podzolic soil fertility at potato cultivation
Results of sugar production waste (defecate) and it compatibility with mineral fertilizers influence on sod-podzolic soil in Moscow region for potato growing are presented. Established that defecate use for cultivated sod-podzolic soil has optimized it physical-chemical properties, has increased pHKCl from 5,8 till 6,3, has led to decrease of hydrolityc acidity from 2,10 till 1,62 mg-eq/100 g of soil and to increase of soil basement saturation from 92,3 till 95,6%, it also has increased content of exchangeable basements till 33,15 mg-eq/100 g of soil. All these factors provided increase of potato varieties Bryanskiy and Udacha harvest and quality.
Keywords: sod-podzolic soil, defecate, fertility, potato harvest.
Gaseous nitrogen losses and soil breathe dynamics at different layers of leached chernozem
Problem of nitrogen saving in soil during nitrogen fertilizers use is researched, volume and structure of gaseous nitrogen losses from leached chernozem soil and fertilizers is researched. This will find way to decrease nitrogen losses and increase the availability of plant nutrition elements.
Keywords: leached chernozem, soil nitrogen, nitrogen from fertilizer, soil «breath».
NEW BIOPREPARATIONS AND FERTILIZERS
Influence of Floravit biopreparation on growth, development and yield of flax fiber
The article presents the results of a field experiment on the effect of a biological product Floravit on flax fiber. There was established yield increases flax straw, sheave, fibers and seeds on 11-35% at application Floravit.
Keywords: fiber flax, Floravit, fiber, flax straw, stock, flax yield.
Research of Kufetsyn and Energy-M preparations influence on productivity of vegetable crops
Studied the combined influence of plant growth regulators with nanodispersed biogenic metals (Cu, Fe, Zn). It is shown that the use of Kufetsyn preparation in combination with Energia-M preparation when foliar treatments significantly increases the yield and quality of vegetables.
Keywords: preparation Energia-M, preparation Kufetsyn, yield of vegetable crops, quality of products.
EcoFus – new organic-mineral fertilizer
Presented here experimental data confirm effectiveness of application of a new organic-mineral fertilizer EcoFus on the base of marine algae under indoor conditions. EcoFus increases harvest of green and ornamental plants, decreases disease (mainly viral) affection and induces resistance to late blight and mining flies.
Keywords: fertilizer, EcoFus, tomato, green and ornamental plants, viral and fungal diseases, pests.
To 110th anniversary of the holiday A.V. Peterburgskiy