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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.
Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева
Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., Н.В. Войтович, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., Н.В. Клебанович, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.А. Плотников, к.с.-х.н., О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н.
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Подписано в печать: 11.04.2013
Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.
2013 / Issue 2
Application of fertilizers and nutrition balance in soils of Yaroslavl region
The analysis of information on the saturation of plough-land by fertilizers and chemical melioration means for 46 years (1964-2009) and supply of main agricultural crops in Yaroslavl region by nutrients are described. Balance of nutrients is calculated and dynamic offertility is shown.
Keywords: soil, fertilizers, nutrition balance, yield.
Research of new microfertilizers for top-dressing of winter wheat
Efficiency of extra root introduction of preparations of Kristalon Special and Tenso-cocktail for winter wheat top-dressing in Kaliningrad region is investigated. Most effective dozes of preparations and optimal periods of use are established.
Keywords: winter wheat, top-dressing, harvest, quality of production, new microfertilizers.
Change of the phosphorous regime of soil and application of fertilizers in the flat zone of Dagestan republic
There are being studied the tendencies of phosphorous regime change in soils depending on the volume of mineral fertilizers during a 35-years' research term. Established that improvement of the phosphorous regime is possible after application of fertilizers and use of crop rotation.
Keywords: soils of Dagestan, phosphorous regime, mobile phosphorous, phosphorous balance, crop rotation.
Some principles of modern program creation for database control of agrochemical survey' results
There have been suggested some principlesand approaches to the creation of a Unifiedinformation system of monitoring of lands for agricultural purpose and the Program of database(the Bank) control of agrochemical survey' results.
Keywords: software, database, monitoring, agrochemical survey.
GROWTH REGULATORS AND HUMATE FERTILIZERS
Humate fertilizers and their efficiency
There was studied the efficiency of increasing doses of traditional and humated mineral fertilizers on spring wheat and spring rape in conditions of the Non-chernozem zone. Research showed that in those years which were unfavorable on weather conditions of a field season (long-term air and soil drought) increase of standard mineral fertilizers volume by 2 and 3 times didn't lead to any positive result for the yield, meanwhile the application of similar doses of humated fertilizers gave significant positive wheat' and rape' yield increase.
Keywords: fertilizers, humates, cereals, soil fertility, yield.
Plant growth regulators of new generation for corn production
In the article the results of studies on the effect of plant growth regulators ofnew generation Vermistim, Vermibiomag, Vermiyodis on productivity of corn hybrids PR39R58 and Frame 267 in western forest-steppe of Ukraine are presented.
Keywords: corn, hybrids, plant growth regulators, application periods and dozes, yield.
The efficiency of microelement fertilizer Akvadon-Micro on winter wheat crops
Single treatment of winter wheat seeds with microelement fertilizer Akvadon-Micro before sowing increases grain yield by 10-17%, meanwhile triple treatment including presowing seeds sprinkling and spraying of crops in vegetative bushing out and booting stage, increased it by 21-34%. Microelement fertilizer Akvadon-Micro reduces the diffusion of leaf blotch (Septoria) and brown rust and has a positive effect on grain quality, raising raw gluten content by 0,7-3,1%.
Keywords: treatment, fertilizer, winter wheat, Akvadon-Micro, yield, leaf blotch (Septoria), brown rust.
Application of Epin-Extra for sweet pepper and tomato yield increase in greenhouses in North-Western Russia
Efficiency of Epin-Extra application for tomato and sweet paper growth in plastic film greenhouses in North-western Russia has been established. Researches has stated that Epin-Extra is able to stimulate growth and development of sweet pepper under low temperature at the beginning of vegetation as well as fruits' formation under high temperature. It can allows to plant sweet pepper in spring plastic film greenhouses in May, which is two weeks earlier than it is recommended, despite low day and night temperature and its bumpsat night. Epin-Extra has a multifunctional effect on tomato plants (helps tomato crops in low temperature in greenhouse in root zone, favors line growth, and fruits' formation, decreases and increases early and total yield).
Keywords: Epin-Extra, tomato, sweet pepper, development, tolerance, yield, plastic film greenhouses.
YOUNG SCIENTISTS STUDY
Content of the total carbon and nitrogen in transitional and lowland peat in Bryansk region
The increased content of the total nitrogen in lowland peat that is connectedwith botanical composition of peat and more intensive formation of humus from plants forming peat is noted inBryansk region. It is shown that distribution of the relative content of the total carbon and nitrogen in peat of transitional and lowland type differs. Parallelism between a course of curves of the relative content of the total carbon and nitrogen in peat of lowland type is noted.
Keywords: peat of transitional and lowland type, total carbon and nitrogen, relative contents.
Role of microelements in spring wheat cultivation at typical grey forest soil in Chuvashiya republic
The researches allowed to reveal the interrelations of microelements content in soil and in spring wheat grain. Application of microelements as root top dressingleads up to the optimal content of microelements in plant production, increases the yield, content of protein, starch, grain quality and profitability. The received results allowed to create diagrams of microelements content in the profile oftypical-grey forest soil and to work out recommendations for microfertilizer application in agricultural production of the Chuvash Republic.
Keywords: typical-grey forest soils, microelements, arable layer, non-root feeding.
Influence of municipal wastewater precipitation on crop production quality
There are being given the foundings of municipal wastewater precipitation (MWWP)influence on rape, spring wheat and barley seeds quality including heavy metals content. It was established that MWWP improve the cultures' nutritive value, but doesn't favour the accumulation of heavy metalsabove the maximum permissible concentration.
Keywords: MWWP, quality, heavy metals, rape, spring wheat, barley.
Comparison assessment of sanding and claying for productivity increase of peat soil
This work gives a comparative assessment of major agrochemical properties of peat soil with application of mineral soil (sand, clay) in order to improve soil fertility and maintain its productivity.
Keywords: sand, clay, peat, physical and chemical characteristics, productivity.
Assessment of soil pollution in the territory of railway objects in Moscow city
For soils of two railway objects, located in the Central administrative district of the city of Moscow, specified levels of a number of toxicants. Using a t-test revealed significant differences between the soils of railway objects and soils adjacent («background») territories on the content of polluting substances. In addition, using the F-test (distribution of Fisher) identify the zone of accumulation of heavy metals, petroleum products and benzo(a)pyrene in these soils within each of the objects. It is established, that in the immediate vicinity of the railway there is an increase of content of toxic substances.
Keywords: railway objects, soil, heavy metals, organic pollutants, a summary indicator of pollution.
FERTILIZER AND HARVEST
Influence of fertilizer systems on yield and quality of crops in crop rotation at leached chernozem soil of Stavropol upland
In leached chernozem Stavropol Upland settlement systems use fertilizer, enhances yield, productivity, level of crop rotation «pea –winter wheat – spring rape» and the quality of agricultural products. Settlement system provided the maximum rate of fertilizer productivity of crop rotation (3,83 t/ha grain units), significantly higher than the control parameters, recommended and biologizing systems and better fertilizer on set quality parameters of products.
Keywords: systems of fertilizer, fertilizer dose, type of soil, leached chernozem,Central Caucasus, link rotation, peas, winter wheat, spring rape, yield, productivity and quality.
Barley productivity at complex application of fertilizers and herbicide Sekator Turbo
Application of calculated dozes of fertilizers incombination with herbicide Sekator Turbo at sod-podzolic middle-loamy soil provides significant (13-22%) increase of barley yield. Quantity of died weeds (90-93%) after herbicide application doesn’t depend on soil fertility and increases coefficient of nutrientsconsumption from fertilizers and soil up to 6-15%.
Keywords: barley, soil, fertilizers, dockage by weeds, herbicides, productivity.
Relationship between agronomical efficiency of manure and evenness of it use
In a long-term field experiment it was shown that the main condition of high efficiency of manure application in vegetable crop rotation is manure spreading with coefficient of variation less than 25%. Excess of this parameter leads to the sharp decreasing of fertilizer profitability.
Keywords: manure, evenness of use, coefficient of variation, dose, soil fertility, productivity of crop rotation, profitability.
Influence of fertilizers on soil fertility and yield of cotton plant at long-irrigated zone of Southern Kazakhstan
Results about influence of mineral and organic fertilizers on humusand nutrients content in long-time arable soil of irrigated zone of Southern Kazakhstan are presented. Positive role of manure for growth, development and yield of cotton plant is shown. Opportunity of mineral nitrogen double decrease atthe expense of mixed application with manure. Rational application of fertilizers for cotton plant has positive economic and ecological meaning.
Keywords: cotton plant, long-arable soil, fertilizers, harvest of seed cotton.
COMPOSTS AND BIOGENIC GROUNDS: study and assessment
Assessment of the aftereffect of enriched with microbial destructors wastewater sludge composts application in sandy-loam sod-podzolic soil at the Vladimir Meshchera
On the basis of two-year field research the agroecological assessmenthas been carried out of the aftereffect of enriched with microbial destructors wastewater sludge composts application in the weak sandy-loam sod-podzolic soils at the Vladimir Meshchera. The results confirm the effectiveness of these composts application as fertilizer in a dose 10 t/ha – with significant increase in white mustard yield (in 15%) and essential decline in heavy metals content (in 1,8-2,5 times). The wastewater sludge composting with microbial destructors reduces the risks of the weak sod-podzolic soils (with low capacity of soil absorbing complex) contamination by heavy metals.
Keywords: agroecological assessment, wastewater sludge, compost, microbiological destructors, heavy metals, sandyloam sod-podzolic soils.
Study of milled green mass of grasses and biogenic grounds creepage process after silage
The results of green mass and biogenetic soils process study are given in the article. It is determined that the value of calculation cheological parameters depends on the quantity of compressed load and structural characteristics of any material including grinded grasses green mass. Dependences are received according to which one can calculate the degree of mass being siloed seal in a storehouse at any moment of time and air content in it accordingly. This allows to control silageprocess by appointing the quantity of compressed load depending on physical properties indexes and structural characteristics of mass being laid.
Keywords: gramen grasses, green mass, biogenetic grounds, deformation, compressing load, creepage process, silaging.