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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.
Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева
Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., Н.В. Войтович, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., Н.В. Клебанович, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.А. Плотников, к.с.-х.н., О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н.
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Подписано в печать: 29.08.2012
Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.
2012 / Issue 5
ANNIVERSARY OF ECOLOGY, AGROCHEMISTRY AND SOIL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF BRYANSK STATE AGRARIAN ACADEMY
Education of ecological thinking and development of ecological action
The urgency of education of ecological thinking at experts of agriculture is shown. Modern features of ecological actions are opened at the decision of problems of soil fertility, purposeful creation of soilbodies, adaptive wildlife management in the fluvial plains polluted by radionuclides.
Keywords: science, education, ecological thinking.
Agrochemistry teaching improvement
In article questions of improvement of methods and technologies of teaching of agrochemistry are considered by preparation in higher educational institutions of experts and bachelors.
Keywords: agrochemistry, educational and methodical complex, computer testing, assessment of knowledge, interactive methods of training, research work, educational and work practice.
Modern condition ecosystems right-bank flood plain Average Desna and prospect of its rational use
The soil cover and efficiency ecosystems right-bank the flood plain Average Desna are in a good condition. A problem is its degradation as a result of economic non-use last 20 years. In modern conditions the decision of this agroenvironmental problem most really by means of the further investments into development of meat animal industries not only in pool of Average Desna, but also in it the flood plain.
Keywords: flood plain, basin of Average Desna, soil surface, degradation.
Study of nutritive elements transformation in grey forest light-loamy soils
There are being considered transformation processes of organic substances and insoluble phosphates in a long-term experiment with application of organic fertilizers only. There is shown the dependence of transformation processes of organic and mineral nutritive elements on moisture and temperature of grey forest light-loamy soils.
Keywords: moisture, soil temperature, substances transformation, nutritive elements, phosphates.
Winter rye cultivation on soil polluted by radioactive elements
There are being considered the technologies of winter rye cultivation with a different level of agrochemical means application. It has been established that the alternative 1, 2 and interim 1 technologies ensured the most reasonable technological, ecological, bioenergetic and economic indicators of winter rye grain production on sod-podzolic sandy soils polluted with 137Cs. Application of intensive technology doesn't allow to get desirable economic effect due to prices disparity, whereas the extensive one combines the minimum productivity of 0,64 t/h with grain poor quality.
Keywords: winter rye, sod-podzolic sandy soils polluted with radioactive elements, technology, agrochemical means, yield, efficiency.
Oat cultivation in conditions of radioactive pollution
Results of influence of organic-mineral and mineral system of fertilizer in a complex with pesticides and a growth factor on efficiency of oats in a field crop rotation on the sod-podzolic sandy soil, in the conditions of radioactive pollution are presented. It is established that complex application of chemization means for oat cultivation provided receiving of ecologically safe production according to the 137Cs concentration.
Keywords: mineral fertilizers, oat, productivity, radioactive pollution of soil.
Influence of fertilizers on productivity and accumulation of radionuclides during cultivation of fowl-grasses in one-specific crops
Results of meadow experience on studying of mineral fertilizers influence on productivity and accumulation of 137Cs by green material and hay as well as its movement on the chain «soil – plant – husbandry production – human» are presented.
Keywords: mineral fertilizers, 137Cs, forage, doze of internal radiation
Soil treatment and fertilization of perennials grasses in conditions of radioactive pollution
Appraisal of mineral fertilizers and soil treatment influence on quantity and quality of meadow-pasture production in conditions of radioactive pollution is presented.
Keywords: yield, natural herbage, soil treatment, radioactive pollution.
Influence of perennial cereal coenosis on agrochemical parameters of soil and balance on nutrients
Presentation of long-term experimental research. Influence of mineral fertilizers and soil treatment on dynamic of soil fertility parameters and balance of nutrients in perennial meadow coenosis is shown in article.
Keywords: fertility parameters, natural herbage, soil treatment.
Study of mineral fertilizers for fodder sorghum cultivation
There has been studied the influence of mineral fertilizers on yield and quality of fodder mass of sorghum crops in the conditions of grey wooded soils in Non-Chernozem zone of Russia (Bryansk region). There has been revealed the high efficiency of application boronphoska and mineral nitrogen top-dressing on productivity of sowings fodder sorghum.
Keywords: mineral fertilizers, productivity, quality of fodder mass, sorghum crops, forage value.
Results of long-term application of vermicompost
As a result of researches on long use of biohumus under a ginseng medicinal improvement of agrochemical properties is established: growth of the humus maintenance, exchange cations, actual and exchange acidity, decrease in hydrolytic acidity and specific activity of radionuclides. Because of the considerable contents gross and their acidsoluble quantity increased in a biohumus of microcells, but mobility of the majority of the studied heavy metals decreased.
Keywords: sod-light-podzolic sandy soil, biohumus (vermicompost), ginseng medicinal, fertility, radionuclides, heavy metals.
Ecological-production characteristic of new crossline of compost earthworms
As a result of conducted experiments parents selection were selected and interpopulation crossing of compost earth worms were made. Hybrid progeny population of compost earthworms in the range of 4 were obtained and a complex ecological and productivity evaluation was given.
Keywords: compost earthworms Eisenia foetida, Eisenia andrei, vermitechnology, ecological and productivity characteristics, interpopulation crossing, breeding, hybrids.
YOUNG SCIENTISTS INVESTIGATIONS
Impact of selenium application on productivity and chlorophyll content of spring wheat at high concentrations of cadmium in soil
There has been studied in vegetative experiments the influence of different methods of selenium application on the formation of productivity and chlorophyll content in different varieties of spring wheat at high concentrations of cadmium in soil. There is shown the reduction of negative impact of heavy metal on the productivity of spring wheat with selenium application.
Keywords: spring wheat, productivity, selenium, cadmium, chlorophyll.
Influence of diatomite on bioefficiency of grain crops and quantity of mix-synthetic microbial community of soil
In work results of researches influences of a natural siliceous material the diatomite on grain crops bioefficiency, physical, chemical and microbiological properties light grey wood soils are considered. Positive influence the diatomite on productivity of spring wheat and corn, increase of indicators of production quality, depending on a dose of studied substance is established. Also certain influence the diatomite on quantity of microorganisms-transformers of soil specific organic substance is established.
Keywords: diatomite, spring wheat, corn, light grey forest soil, acidity of soil, quantity of mushrooms and actinomycete, humus.
Sunflower consumption of nutrients from different horizons of sod-podzolic soil
This article is devoted the study of the use by sunflower nutrition from different horizons of sod-podzolic soil. The purpose of research is definition of availability to plants macroelements has important meaning as in theoretical and practical aspects.
Keywords: sunflower, nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, soil horizons.
Appraisal of nitrogen fertilizers’ influence on efficiency of winter wheat varieties on typical chernozem soil
There are given the data on nitric fertilizers' efficiency applied for various winter wheat' varieties cultivated on typical chernozem in Tambov region. Findings state that nitric fertilizers' efficiency was mainly affected by weather conditions of the vegetative periods. Increase from nitrogen by 2-3 times has appeared to be lower in comparison with favorable 2011. At the same time there hasn’t been revealed any noticeable difference between varieties in yield' increase, though the total varieties' productivity differed substantially throughout the years of the research.
Keywords: winter wheat, fertilizers, typical chernozem, yield.
The chemical composition of sediments of urban waste water and their effect on the fertility of the light-gray forest soil
Presentation of research material on the chemical composition of Novocheboksarsk city sewage sludge and their influence on the chemical composition of soil horizons and on the biological activity of light-gray soil in the cultivation of crops. It was revealed that sewage sludge contains up to 55% organic matter, total nitrogen to 1,45, total phosphorous to 1,29%, to 0,04% of total potassium and other nutrients. Increase the biological activity of the soil.
Keywords: soil, sewage sludge, macroelements, microelements, humus.