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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.

Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева, М.В. Царева, к.с.-х.н.

Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., к.х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., И.И. Дмитревская, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., С.Ю. Зайцев, д.б.н., д.х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., М.Г. Мустафаев, д.с.-х.н. (Азербайджан), С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., к.х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Т.Р. Рыспеков (Казахстан), к.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н., П.А. Чекмарев, д.с.-х.н., О.Х. Эргашева, к.б.н. (Узбекистан)

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Подписано в печать: 03.02.2011
Формат 60х90/8.

Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.

MAIN TOPICS

About preparation to spring-field operation in 2011

Presentation of report summary, prepared for an annual meeting of Ministry for agriculture of The Russian Federation dated 13.01.2011. There is given an analysis of situation formed in agriculture in case of draught conditions in 2010 and pointed tasks for agriculture workers of all types for 2011. There is presented willingness of Governmental program for agriculture development to extra financing and regulating agricultural market.

Keywords: agriculture, draught, harvest, spring sowing, sowing areas, fertilizers, soil fertility, monitoring, control.


Grain production in Russia and nature management

Rational organization of agricultural territories, soil and land resources are studied in article. Non-balanced increase of bread grain crop percentage (par excellence wheat) till 60-62% and more in total sowing areas, high percentage of bare fallows, lack of nature management technologies decrease stability of harvest. Average productivity of grain crops since 2011 will not exceed 18 metric centner, average total grain harvest after extra treatment in modern conditions will not exceed 80 million tons per year.

Keywords: grain production, sowing areas, soil conditions, extreme conditions, harvest.


Lands asessment metodology with an allowance for soil fire-risk

There has been worked out methodology of fire-prevention measures on peat and oily soils with an allowance for law currently in force in the Russian Federation in the sphere of environment protection, fire-prevention security and generalization of findings. We can recommend the enrichment of peat and oily soils with mineral priming in order to reduce fire-risk. There have been proposed a price mechanism of hazard soils protection based on the analysis of ecological risks and methodology of correction of cadastral cost with an allowance of soil’ fire-risk.

Keywords: environment protection, rational nature management, soils fire-risk, culture-technical melioration, peat soils, sandy soils, ecological risks.


FERTILITY AND HARVEST

The dynamics of soil fertility under irrigation

Changes of the basic agrochemical properties of soils in dynamics for 18 years have been tracked at various levels of chemization of agriculture. The peculiarities of calcium mode and acid-base properties of meadow-chernozem soils of different granulometric structure have been revealed.

Keywords: monitoring, fertility, soil type, agrochemical indicators, nutritious elements, harvest.


Dependence of sod-podzolic soil fertility in Tver region from mobile phosphorous forms concentration

There are sod middle podzolic soils (more 80%) normally and transiently surplus irrigated (more 90%) and sod-gley, podzolic-marsh, marsh, sod-carbonated soils in Tver region. All soils are characterized by low natural fertility as opposed to forest-steppe and steppe zone soil can be well cultured, need mineral and organic fertilizers, lime. After suspension of fertilizers application soils transforms to it natural condition. Dependence between available phosphorous concentration and fertility is presented in article.

Keywords: phosphate regime, sod-podzolic soil, fertilizers, harvest.


Soil-protecting devices of treatment – the most important reserve of biophilius elements’ losses decrease on erosion dangerous lands

Different in intensity soil-protecting devices of truncated soils tilling determine the distribution of applied mineral fertilizers according to the elements of landscape and layers of soil as well as the position accessibility of nutrition elements for plants.

Keywords: truncated lands, soil tilling devices, changes of nutritive elements content.


TESTING OF NEW PREPARATIONS

Application of complexions in vegetable growing

Study of metal complexons influence on vegetable crops in crop rotation in non-chernozem zone conditions is presented. Stimulation of growth and plant development, increase of vegetable crops yield and improvement of quality as result of metal complexons activity are shown. Correlation dependence between microelement concentration in plant and biochemical parameters of vegetable production is presented.

Keywords: metal complexons, vegetable crops, yield, quality, correlation dependence.


Efficiency of growth regulators in combination with microfertilizers for table root crops

Influence of plant growth regulator in combination with microfertilizers on carrot and beat cultivation has been studied. Silicon containing preparation Energy-M stimulates growth and development of plant, increases productivity of table root crops, improves quality and conservability and also has anti-stress and fungicide activity.

Keywords: agrobackground, plant growth regulators, microfertilizers, table root crops, yield, quality and conservability of production.


Influence of microfertilizer and growth regulators top-dressings on chemical compound of table root crops

Influence of plant growth regulator in combination with microfertilizers on table root crops cultivation has been studied. Established that silicon containing preparation Energy-M promotes decrease of heavy metals accumulation in carrot and beat for 10-34%.

Keywords: microfertilizers, growth regulators, table root crops, top-dressing, heavy metals.


YOUNG SCIENTISTS SCHOOL

Top dressings of cabbage by liquid fertilizing mixes (JUSS)

Field experiments convincingly showed high efficiency of poly-functional fertilizers JUSS for top-dressing of white cabbage variety Podarok.

Keywords: white cabbage, top-dressings, poly-functional fertilizers, photosynthetic potential, heavy metals.


Use of barley top-dressing by mineral nitrogen for grain quality increase

Application of top-dressings by nitrogen fertilizers promotes best development of barley plant. Increase of leaf surface promotes photosynthetic potential increase. It promotes increase of yield and albumin content in barley grain.

Keywords: barley, top-dressing, yield, albumin, nitrogen fertilizers.


The effect of «tailing storehouse» of Mikhailosky mining enterprise on adjoining agrocenoses

«The tailing storehouse» of Mikhailovsky Mining Enterprise of Kursk Magnetic Anomaly leads to storing heavy metals (HM) in the soil which results in the reduction of soil microbiological activity, yield capacity and contamination of agricultural products.

Keywords: «tailings storehouse», heavy metals, phyto-toxicity, man-made landscape, microbiological activity.


Efficiency of the saffron milk cap oily in rice checks

The technology of cultivation of a summer saffron milk cap in rice checks with use residual after cleaning of rice of stores of the soil moisture is developed. Optimum terms of sowing and norm of seeding of seeds of a saffron milk cap, levels of a mineral food are defined.

Keywords: a summer saffron milk cap, the rice check, terms and norms of sowing, a mineral food, water consumption, growth, development, productivity.


Influence of fertilizers on wheat grain quality

For solving the problem of grain independence part of irrigated lands has been allocated for wheat and other grain crops cultivation. Modern rate of fertilizer application promoted increase of wheat grain quality and satisfy population.

Keywords: grain independence, wheat, irrigated lands, fertilizer, harvest, grain quality.