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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.
Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева
Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., Н.В. Войтович, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., Н.В. Клебанович, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.А. Плотников, к.с.-х.н., О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н.
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Подписано в печать: 09.08.2013
Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.
2013 / Issue 4
To the 100 anniversary of scientific research on soil fertility and fertilizer application: from Sudogda experimental field to All-Russian scientific-research institute of organic fertilizers
The article is devoted to the history of development of scientific researches on soil fertility and fertilizer application in the All-Russian Research Institute of Organic Fertilizers and Peat RAAS, from the date formation Sudogda experimental field to the present time, the characteristic of scientific research of the Institute, their novelty and practical significance.
Keywords: history of scientific research, agrochemistry, soil fertility, experimental work.
Reproduction of soil fertility on the basis of renewed bioresources use
In the article results of long-term scientific researches in field experiences and industrial conditions according to influence of application of renewed resources agrobiocoenonosis (straw of grain and leguminous cultures, intermediate green manure) in a combination to mineral fertilizers, liquid manure and the bird's dung, microbiological inoculants on reproduction fertility sod-podzolic and grey forest soils are stated.
Keywords: straw of grain and leguminous cultures, mineral fertilizers, intermediate green manure, liquid manure, bird's dung, microbiological inoculants, reproduction fertility soils.
On the technical support of the use of organic fertilizers
In article the modern condition is reflected and the characteristic of perspective «know-how» and application of organic fertilizers is given, and also the mechanization means are presented, allowing to reduce expenditures of labour on removal and recycling of manure and a poultry farming dung, to promote preservation of fertility of soils and preservation of the environment.
Keywords: fertility of soils, organic fertilizers, technical maintenance, «know-how» and manure and dung applications.
Results of peat use in agriculture researches
Peat and peat deposits carry out climatic, geomorphological, hydrological natural functions, they also are considered as one of the basic carbon pools of biosphere. The review of results of researches of institute on peat use in an agricultural production for the long period of time is presented.
Keywords: peat, peat fertilizers, composts, technologies of use of peat.
Green manure in agriculture of Non-chernozem zone
The article shows the agri-environmental role, classification and green manure application system in modern agriculture of Non-chernozem zone. Volumes of cultivation and selection of perspective green manure crops, methods and agricultural practices of their effective use in crop rotations are determined, effect of green manure crops on soil fertility, formation of yield and quality, protect plants from weeds and diseases are established.
Keywords: green manure, classification, fertilizing value, application technology, soil fertility, yield, quality, ecology and economics.
Productivity and quality of oats in mixed crops with lupine
Analysis of the results of the evaluation of crops varieties of high-yield mixtures, showing ratios of components to produce a high quality crop of fodder grain and green weight.
Keywords: oats, Lupinus angustifolius, mixed crops, yield, feed grain, green mass, quality, fertility.
Efficacy of combined application of organic and mineral fertilizers and biological nitrogen in crop rotations on light sod-podzolic soils
Efficiency of combined application of organic and mineral fertilizers and biological nitrogen on sod-podzolic sandy soil, depending on the type of crop rotation, fertilizer application, and cultivated legume is presented.
Keywords: crop rotation, organic and mineral fertilizers, biological nitrogen, balance of phosphorus and potassium, humus, soil, productivity.
Particularities of liquid manure application
In the article the basic directions of the use of liquid manure, dung. Shows the disadvantages of technologies, technical means of transportation and the date types of fertilizers: low economic efficiency of their use, high environmental load. The prospective directions of development of technologies and technical means of application of liquid manure, dung.
Keywords: liquid manure, dung, livestock waste, application, perspective technologies, technical means.
Appraisal of fodder plants improving soil regimes in system of soil fertility reproduction
Results of an estimation improve environment fodder plants are resulted, cultures with expressed process functions for introduction in biologization crop rotations of the Central Non-chernozem zone of the Russian Federation are picked up.
Keywords: biologization, improve environment fodder plants, fertility of the soil, nutrients, productivity.
Some peculiarities and characteristics of sewage sludge (Scientific publications review)
This publication presents some characteristics of sewage sludge, including agrochemical ones, and the expediency of their processing into fertilizers. The methods of the sewage sludge detoxication are being described.
Keywords: sewage sludge, recycling, fertilizer, yield, detoxication.
Use of urban sewage sludge
This paper presents data on the resources of sewage sludge, their effects in long-term use on main agro-chemical properties of the soil. The features of the composting of sewage sludge considered using microbial preparations.
Keywords: sewage sludge, soil, composting, microbiological agent.
Effect of the combustion wastes and municipal sewage sludge compost on the content of macroelements in soil
A single-factor field experiment was carried out The Cultivar Evaluation Station in Szczecin-Dabie in 2008-2010. The soil on which this experiment was set up is formed from light loamy sand (lls). Regarding its granulometric composition, the soil is classified to the category of light soils, of soil quality class IV b and good rye complex. In the experiment, a combustion waste in the form of high-calcium brown coal ash was used, as well as a compost produced from municipal sewage sludge by the GWDA method. The study design included six fertilisation objects. A test plant was perennial Amur silver grass (Misca nthus sachariflorus). The highest average increase in the nitrogen content in soil in 2008 -2010 was observed in the objects fertilised with municipal sewage sludge compost at a dose corresponding to 250 kg N•ha-1 with addition of high-calcium brown coal ash being introduced into soil in the first year of study and in next years, respectively by 23.3% and 27.7%, when compared to those with calcium carbonate or high-calcium brown coal ash being applied at the beginning of experiment. The positive effect in soil richness indices was obtained after the application of municipal sewage sludge compost with annual introduction of high-calcium brown coal ash into soil. In the soil of objects being fertilised with municipal sewage sludge compost without and with addition of high-calcium brown coal ash, the pHKCl value and the content of organic carbon and total N, P, K and S increased, as well as that of assimilable P, K and Mg forms.
Keywords: waste, sewage sludge, compost, soil, total content of macroelements and assimilable forms.
Monitoring of soil fertility in Tatarstan republic
On the basis of results of the system analysis of agrochemical soil survey in 47 years is given a comprehensive appraisal of soil fertility in Tatarstan republic. Received data gives basement of recommendations for agricultural production with maximum yield and soil fertility preservation.
Keywords: agrochemical soil survey, agrochemical properties changes, lime application, organic and mineral fertilizers, phosphoritation, yield of agricultural crops.
The long-term dynamics of arable soil fertility in Belgorod region
Based on analysis of solid agrochemical survey of arable soil, the regularities of the basic parameters of soil fertility: acidity, organic matter content, mobile phosphorus and potassium, and microelements. In this paper we consider the dynamics of liming acid soils and fertilizer use.
Keywords: liming, acidity, microelements, monitoring, soil organic matter, soil fertility, chernozem.