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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.
Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева, М.В. Царева, к.с.-х.н.
Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., к.х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., И.И. Дмитревская, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., С.Ю. Зайцев, д.б.н., д.х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., М.Г. Мустафаев, д.с.-х.н. (Азербайджан), С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., к.х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Т.Р. Рыспеков (Казахстан), к.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н., П.А. Чекмарев, д.с.-х.н., О.Х. Эргашева, к.б.н. (Узбекистан)
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Подписано в печать: 09.06.2011
Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.
2011 / Issue 3
BRYANSK STATE AGRICULTURAL ACADEMY 30 YEARS IN THE WORK OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE
The effect of techniques for applying fertilizers and pesticides on quality indices of green mass of fodder lupine
There has been studied the effect of fertilizing systems and chemical protection remedies on the indicators of green mass of fodder lupine quality during a prolonged field experiment carried out on sod-podzolic soil.
Keywords: lupine, fertilizer, quality, protein, pesticide.
Productivity and quality of green mass of perennial grasses depending on a variety of mineral uptake and techniques of soil treatment
There has been studied the influence of fertilizing systems and soil treatment techniques on yield and quality of green mass of perennial grasses in a long-term field experiment. There were provided the optimal rates of application in combination with the techniques of soil treatment which ensure sustained yields of green mass and crucial issues of environmental safety were.
Keywords: major improvement, mineral fertilizers, natural pasture, simple plowing, double-depth plowing, 137Cs accumulation.
The change in quality of lupine's green mass depending on cultivation techniques
The current research gives evaluation of fertilizing systems influence on lupine green mass quality characteristics in Bryansk region.
Keywords: fertilizers, aftereffect, lupine, quality characteristics of green mass.
Influence of sewage sludge and liming on yield and quality of perennial grasses hay
Agricultural application of sewage sludge is one of methods of it utilization. Sewage sludge from many cities by influence on agrocoenosis can be valuable organic fertilizers as manure or composts because of high concentration of plant nutrients. Positive influence of sewage sludge on yield and quality of perennial grasses hay in compare with traditional organic fertilizers is shown.
Keywords: sewage sludge, liming, soil, perennial grasses, fertilizer, quality of harvest.
Regional monitoring of agricultural lands based on stationary training grounds
This article presents role and importance of agricultural lands monitoring at testing areas situated in main agrolandscapes in Leningrad region. Examination of training grounds based on principles of punctual agriculture.
Keywords: monitoring, soil fertility, stationary training grounds.
Importance of crop mixing factor in green manure agrocommunities on typical chernozem
It is shown that crop mixture factor can affect the complex properties of soil that determining its fertility. There has been examined the usage of the method of construction options for estimation of seeds mixture factor influence in sidereal agrocommunities on agro-chemical, agro-physical and microbiological properties of soils. There has been established a close correlation between changes in the values of these properties and indicators of productivity of green manure agrocommunities and effective fertility.
Keywords: agrocoenosis, green manure agrocommunities, mixing factor (agrocoenosis effect), properties of soils, fertility.
Assessment of land condition in vladimir region
There has been carried out the assessment of land tenure condition in Vladimir region on the basis of regional soil monitoring data. Soil area with low phosphorous and potassium content appears to be increasing. Soil acidification occurs in the region especially in turf-podzolic sandy-loam and sandy soils which constitute about 65% of the total agricultural land structure. Strong acidic arable land area in Vladimir region increased almost ten times during 1993-2006 years. Arable lands acidification forecast has been made for the nearest future of 2014 and 2020.
Keywords: regional soil monitoring, soil fertility, soil acidity.
FERTILiZER AND HARVEST
The effect of mineral fertilizers foliar application accompanied by application of fertilizers for grain quality’ improvement in the forest-steppe of ukraine
There has been studied the influence of different fertilizers terms on grain quality and bread of winter wheat. The optimal combination of rates of bases application and foliar application was proved experimentally. It guaranteed the maximal quality of grain flour.
Keywords: winter wheat, fertilizers, foliar application, quality of grain, flour.
Influence of systems of fertilizers on productive functions of agricultural crops in conditions of simulated pollution of chernozem with heavy metals
There was being observed a certain dynamics of yield of agricultural crops on podzolic chernozem where increased level of pollution was modeled. Application of well-balanced organo-mineral system of fertilizers promotes the increase of yield and growth of crop rotation productivity.
Keywords: system of fertilizing, heavy metals, chernozem, yield, crop rotation productivity.
The dependence of rice productivity on the level of soil agent reaction
There has been revealed the efficiency of meadow-chernozem soil liming and dependence of rice grain yield’ formation on the reaction of a soil solution. There has been tracked the change of agrochemical properties of soil in the conditions of liming. There has been also defined the expense of a chemical ameliorant on pH shift by 0,1 unit. There has been established some positive influence of liming in a combination with mineral fertilizers.
Keywords: fertility, soil type, reaction of the agent, doses of ameliorant, yield.
Ways of meadow-chernozem soil fertility restoration into apple garden
Work is devoted ways of increase of fertility meadow – black earth soils apple agrocoenosis. Efficiency mulching, limings and sod-mulch maintenance systems is resulted.
Keywords: an apple-tree, meadow – black earth soil, mulching, liming, sod-mulch, a clover meadow.
YOUNG SCIENTISTS INVESTIGATIONS
Absorption of heavy metals from soil with green mass of fodder cultures
There have been studied the distribution of lead, copper, zinc and nickel in green mass of fodder cultures and determined the priorities of heavy metals’ removal from green mass of white mustard, oil radish and crimson amaranth.
Keywords: soil, heavy metals, absorption, fodder cultures.
Grain yield of spring barley depending on growing conditions
In conditions of Bryansk region under RUA (ratio of useful action) of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) 2% productivity of spring barley is 53 centner per hectare. There has been marked a strong and middle correlation dependency between quantity of precipitation by vegetation and rate of productivity of grain for variants with mineral fertilizers.
Keywords: productivity of grain, a protein content, application rate of mineral fertilizers, seeding rates, correlation dependence, quantity of precipitation.
Alfalfa herbage fertilizing in south forest-steppe of Bashkiria
There are given the data of the study of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers influence on the productivity of alfalfa herbage in the conditions of arid south forest-steppe of the Republic of Bashkortostan and the findings on the determination of the most effective doses on irrigated and dry-farming lands.
Keywords: alfalfa herbage, productivity, mineral fertilizers, fodder units, exchange energy, raw protein, dry substance.
Barley and clover plants provision with nitrogen and phosphorus depending on application of phosphoric fertilizers and biopreparations
There has been determined barley and clover plants provision with nitrogen and phosphorus because of the application of phosphoric lime fertilizers and biopreparations in the long-term field experiment on sod-podzolic loamy soil. There is shown the influence of agrochemical soil properties on the efficiency of biopreparations.
Keywords: soil properties, phosphoric and lime fertilizers, biopreparation.