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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.

Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева

Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., Н.В. Войтович, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., Н.В. Клебанович, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.А. Плотников, к.с.-х.н., О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н.

Адрес для переписки: 115419, Москва, Шаболовка, 65-1-50.

Тел/факс: (495) 952-76-25

E-mail: agrochem_herald@mail.ru

Отпечатано в ООО «САМ Полиграфист».
г. Москва, 109316, Волгоградский пр-т, д. 42, корп. 5.
Подписано в печать: 12.10.2010
Формат 60х90/8.

Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.

INTRODUCTION INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

SOIL MONITORING’ PROBLEMS OF AGROLANDSCAPE: THE STRUCTURE AND MODEL OF DATA

There is being considered the technology of object-oriented databases, where the object include not only the data and metadata, but also the rules of input and primary processing of the raw data, data’ import-export means and those interface’ construction of data input.

Keywords: relative databases, object-oriented databases, temporal databases, metadata, soil monitoring.


DATABASE OF AGROCHEMICAL SERVICE CENTRE (STATION)

Presentation of technology of agrochemical and ecology-toxicological research result’s calculation using database elaborated by Center of agrochemical service «Kemerovskiy». Stored data allow provide different statistical researches.

Keywords: database, management system, soft program, automation, monitoring.


FERTILITY ISSUES

NORMATIVE COST OF FERTILIZERS TO IMPROVE THE FERTILITY OF SOD-PODZOLIC SOIL

There has been found out during the prolonged filed experiment that normative cost of fertilizers for the increase of the content of mobile phosphorus and exchangeable potassium in the plow layer depends on the initial content of these elements in soil. Normative costs increase according with the increase of the content of mobile phosphorus and exchangeable potassium standards.

Keywords: phosphorus, potassium, mineral fertilizers, soil, removal, yield, cost standards, soil fertility.


INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX APPLICATION OF FERTILIZERS AND PEST CONTROL ON YIELD CAPACITY AND QUALITY OF GREEN MASS OF LUPINE

There has been studied the influence of complex application of various fertilizers’ systems and plant pest control on yield capacity and quality of green mass of lupine in the conditions of sod-podzolic sandy soil. There are given recommended norms of fertilizers that can provide stable productivity and ecologically save product.

Keywords: fertilizers’ systems, yield, lupine, ceasium-137, quality of the product.


THE ROLE OF SOIL LIMING AT APPLE GARDENS

As the result of long-term researches, not only positive, but also negative role of chalking of soils in apple gardens was revealed, which is caused by temporal variations of water regime and, consequently, of mineral nutrition. It is noted that the present agronomic practice in case of monoculture is more referred to the way of maintaining soil fertility rather than increasing productivity.

Keywords: apple tree, liming, water-retaining ability, fertility.


CORN YIELD IN DEPENDENCE OF SOIL FERTILITY AND APPLICATION OF THE MINERAL FERTILIZERS AT FOOTHILLS ZONE OF THE CENTRAL CAUCASUS

Presentation of advanced technology of corn cultivation in North Caucasus region. Established that rational, ecologically and economically balanced application of fertilizers has paramount meaning for corn growth and so forage production.

Keywords: corn, forage basement, soil, fertilizer, harvest.


FACTORS, INFLUENCING ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF MAIZE’ HYBRIDS WHEN GROWING SILAGE IN CONDITIONS OF KABARDINO-BALKARIAN STEPPE ZONE

There have been identified highly productive hybrids of maize for growing silage with productivity of overground green mass of 5,9 thousand oat fodder units per hectare as a result of three years’ researches in natural ecological conditions of Kabardino-Balkarian steppe zone.

Keywords: biomass, ontogenesis, genotype, yield, oat fodder units, ecology, stress, sufficiency of moisture-supply.


INFLUENCE OF SOIL PARAMETERS ON FORMATION OF SUBSOIL ORGANS IN MEADOW COENOSIS

Soil conditions and anthropogenic impact on the development of root systems of grassland agrocoenosis were studied. Soil conditions in recently sown crops have been found to affect the development of underground grass parts. Most roots (39,0-87,0%) were located in the sod at the depth of 0-6 cm. With age, the grass root mass increases. Changes in the species composition of the agrocoenosis seem to affect the total root mass and their distribution across the soil profile. Introduction of Eletriga repens into the grassland has definitely caused the increase of the underground phytomass and its concentration in the layer 6-15 cm deep. Treatment with mineral fertilizers has differently affected the reserves of the underground parts.

Keywords: grassland agrocoenosis, structure, peat, roots, Phleum pratense, Karelia.


FORMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF DIFFERENT GRADES OF SPRING WHEAT AT APPLICATION OF SELENIUM

In vegetative experience in soil culture studied influence of presowing processing of seeds by selenium on formation of efficiency of various grades of spring wheat. In optimum conditions of water delivery efficiency of application of selenium is defined by level of a nitric food and high-quality specificity of plants of grades of wheat.

Keywords: spring wheat grades, selenium, efficiency.


INFLUENCE OF NUTRITION AREA AND FERTILIZERS ON YIELD OF LONG-LASH AND SHRUB PUMPKIN

Technology of shrub pumpkin cultivation and compare of yield in dependence of nutrition area and fertilizers are pre-sented.

Keywords: pumpkin, fertilizers, nutrition area, quality of harvest.


ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

PRACTICE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS APPLICATION IN CHELYABINSK REGION

Due to economic reasons organic fertilizers are using at South Ural in limited volumes mainly in vegetable and potato growing. Manure resources in Chelyabinsk region at once rather exceed volume of of it application as fertilizers. Efficacy of organic fertilizers confirmed by field experiments at Chelyabinsk scientific-research institute for agriculture published in article.

Keywords: organic fertilizer, soil fertility, treatment type, adoptive agriculture, harvest.


APPLICATION OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AS FERTILIZER FOR AGRICULTURE IN UL’YANOVSK REGION

The application efficiency of sewage sludge as fertilizer of crops has been studied. It has been found, that sewage sludge in the cities of Ulyanovsk and Dimitrovgrad meet the normative requirements on their parameters and can be applied as organic and mineral fertilizers in agriculture, in green construction, for what corresponding certificates of con-formity have been received.

Keywords: sewage residues, yielding capacity, crops, ecologically safe produce.


THE EFFECT OF THE GROWTH REGULATOR OF THE NEW GENERATION THE ORGANO-MINERAL FERTI-LIZER HUMATE «PLODORODIYE»

It has been established that the incrustation of seeds before sowing and top plant treatment stimulate the growth. The development of spring wheat, increase crop-producing power and improve product quality.

Keywords: humate «Plodorodiye», the incrustation of seeds, spring wheat, treatment terms, harvest, quality of products.


PRODUCTION OF BIOCOMPOST ON PEAT’ BASE

There had been worked out the new technology and as a result it allowed to produce qualitative well-balanced in mineral elements contents «Biocompost» on peat’ base.

Keywords: peat, manure, dung, mixing of components, biofermentation.


APPLICATION OF PEAT AND PRODUCTS ON PEAT BASIS IN AGRICULTURE

Presentation of combine session of the scientific-technical council of Ministry for agriculture of Russian Federation and Russian academy for agricultural sciences devoted to application of peat and products on peat basis.

Keywords: peat, agriculture, products on peat basis, organic fertilizers, composts.