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Главный редактор: И.С. Прохоров, к.с.-х.н.
Редакция: И.И. Прохорова (директор), М.А. Королькова, Н.В. Куроптева
Редколлегия: А.И. Беленков, д.с.-х.н., С.Л. Белопухов, д.с.-х.н., Н.М. Белоус, д.с.-х.н., Н.В. Войтович, д.с.-х.н., Л.А. Дорожкина, д.с.-х.н., А.А. Завалин, д.с.-х.н., А.Л. Иванов, д.б.н., Л.В. Кирейчева, д.т.н., Н.В. Клебанович, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.В. Кураков, д.б.н., С.В. Лукин, д.с.-х.н., С.М. Лукин, д.б.н., С.М. Надежкин, д.б.н., М.М. Овчаренко, д.с.-х.н., А.В. Пасынков, д.б.н., Т.Ф. Персикова, д.с.-х.н. (Беларусь), А.А. Плотников, к.с.-х.н., О.А. Подколзин, д.с.-х.н., Н.И. Санжарова, д.б.н., В.М. Семенов, д.б.н., В.И. Титова, д.с.-х.н.
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Подписано в печать: 12.02.2010
Журнал зарегистрирован в Министерстве печати и информации Российской Федерации 29 апреля 1997 г.
Свидетельство № 011095.
2010 / Issue 1
Ecological role of acid soils liming in Tatarstan republic
Advantage of liming at technogenic polluted soil is established as result of field experiments. Lime fertilizers along with positive influence on soil fertility are ecological barrier for toxicants’ accumulation in soil and plants.
Keywords: heavy metals, radionuclides, liming, organic fertilizers, zeolites, harvest.
Brown forest soil condition in agrolandscapes in Kaliningrad region
There was made an attempt to analyze the brown forest soil in order to figure out the conformities to its structure, characteristics and humus condition.
Keywords: brown forest soil, analysis, acidity, humus, fraction, contents.
Appraisal of soil fertility in apple gardens in Tambov region
It is showed that in spaces between rows of apple gardens in Tambov region in comparison with virgin and fallow lands the bonitet deterioration takes place as a result of deterioration of physical and agrochemical properties of different types of soil. The most responsive test-cultures and test-indexes of soil bonitet are revealed.
Keywords: apple tree, soil, bonitet, fertility, bioindication.
GIS-technologies to distance monitoring of agricultural lands
Experience of combine employment of GIS-technology and cosmic monitoring for solution of agricultural problems is presented in article.
Keywords: formation of database, GIS-technologies, monitoring of lands, cosmic observation photo, vectorial maps.
Database of the large-scale soil-agroecological landscape monitoring: relational method
The system approach to planning, developing and support via Internet the software complex and agrolandscape database is described on the base of application relational database system theory to soil sciences and agriculture. Information structure classification is provided along with considering of technological aspects, the elementary information unit definition is introduced.
Keywords: relational data base, monitoring, soil profile, soil contour, soil sample, parcel, database object.
Efficacy of mixed agrophytocoenosis narrow-leaved fodder lupine with cereals
There is given the article the analysis of grass-legume mixes (oats + wheat + lupine) in the article and is showed the comparative economic, power and agroeconomical efficiency. It is established that an optimum dose of nitrogen fertilizer at cultivation of grass-legume mixes is 40 of acting substance per hectare, where productivity has made 38,9 c/ha, cover of expenditure 1 кg NPK – 8,9 kg, profitability – 156,5%.
Keywords: mixed crops, oats, wheat, lupine, biopreparations, fertilizers, crops capacity, profitability.
The joint application of fertilizers and plant protectors on winter wheat in conditions of chernozem zone of Central Precaucasus
The influence of joint application of microfertilizers and plant protectors on harvest production and quality of winter wheat is researched. The accumulation of heavy metals in seed and straw of winter wheat was determined. The most efficient doses and methods of fungicide application with microelement’s preparations were determined.
Keywords: winter wheat, microelements preparation, fungicide.
Use of fertilizing-reclaiming mix on basis of sugar manufacture for restoration of the degraded soils
In article questions of an effective utilization of an organic waste of sugar manufacture for restoration of the degraded soils are considered. The technology of creation on a basis of defecation residue the fertilizing-reclaiming mixes providing increase of productivity not less than on 30%, improvement of properties of soils and increase of their fertility is offered.
Keywords: organic waste, defecation residue, fertilizing-reclaiming mix, technologies of composting.
Production technology of paste humic fertilizers from sapropel
Presentation of optimal parameters for paste humic fertilizer production from sapropel by dispersantation method and research of fertilizer efficiency.
Keywords:humic fertilizer, sapropel, technology of application, dispersantation method, experiments.
Use of mathematical models of pesticides concentration prognosis in surface waters
Description of European scheme of step-by-step detail of pesticide concentration prognosis in surface reservoirs including prognosis models of different complication levels and standard soil-climatic, topographical and agronomy conditions of Western Europe. Adoption of this scheme in combination with conditions of three regions of Russian Federation with application of dimetoat insecticide has been realized and prognosis of concentration at all steps of scheme is given. Scheme possibilities as equipment for risk appraisal are presented.
Keywords: reservoirs, ground sediments, prognosis, pesticides concentration soil, climatic conditions, risk appraisal, mathematical models, input data.
YOUNG SCIENTISTS SCHOOL
Influence of weeds on cereals harvest at different types of light chestnut soil treatment
The affect of crop rotations and ways of soil treatment on the varieties of weeds is shown. Data on the development of annual grasses in the winter wheat crops are given.
Keywords: weeds, grain crops, ways of soil treatment, harvest.
Research of sod-podzolic soil microbiological activity
It is established, that safflower – is a potential green manure crop on sod-podzolic bedrocks. In comparison with traditional green manure crops, mustard white and a lupine angustifoliate, at its embedding the bedrock biological potency is characterized as – strong. The safflower on a number with a lupine promotes activization of an aerobic microflora right after embeddings in bedrock.
Keywords: soil biological activity, intensity oа soil breath, safflower, lupine, white mustard, green manure.
About method for appraisal of fertilizers and ameliorants recoupment
Problem of agronomical recoupment of fertilizers is one of key problem in agrochemistry, because of it determines requirement in fertilizers and economic efficiency. It’s shown that previous elaborations for recoupment normative are underestimated. Recoupment of fertilizers – complex and variable index. Agronomic effect after application of phosphorous fertilizers and ameliorants needs calculation of aftereffect, for economic effect it needs calculation of discount. «Recoupment normative» term is not correct in modern social-economic conditions of Russia and needs change to generally accepted term «Agronomic efficiency of fertilizers».
Keywords: fertilizers, ameliorant, recoupment, discount recoupment, fertilizer application normative.